Klezmer comes from the phrase Kli-zemr , meaning Hebrew for musical instrument. Later, Jewish folk musicians were called klezmeri. For the most part, klezmers gathered in vagrant ensembles chapels , consisting of a small number of musicians - from three to five - and played at various festivals: weddings, barmitsvah the boy s coming of age , festivals, fairs, etc. The leading instrument, as a rule, the violin in various combinations was supplemented by cymbals, double bass, clarinet, trumpet, flute, drum. By origin, klezmerians are Ashkenazi Jews who lived in Europe, and according to some sources, for the first time “musicians” were called musicians in the 14-15 centuries living in Jewish communities in modern Germany, Poland, and the Czech Republic. Gradually, the center of klezmer shifted to the east of Europe, and since the 18th century their art has been most clearly manifested in Ukraine, Lithuania, Poland, in the lands formerly called Galicia and Bessarabia.
Klezmer’s music over time has become an integral part of Jewish folklore, moreover secular. Klezmer actively absorbed in their work the music of all nations, with whom the Jews lived in those days. Many musical turns inherent in Romanian, Western Ukrainian, Hungarian folk music, became characteristic of klezmer.
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